THE PROBLEM OF EDUCATION IN NIGERIA; THE TEACHER OR THE SYSTEM

educationThis was a piece for a debate I never got to delever. Sit back, relax, and enjoy. Don’t forget to like, share, and comment.

Greatest UItes, imagine how you will feel if your loved ones are not admitted to the University of Lagos because they don’t have the connections. Will you heap the blame on those who taught them what they know, or the system that failed to acknowledge them?

Abdul Mujeeb Muhammad Jummah is my name, a noble bellite, here to affirm that the problem of education in Nigeria is the system.

System, according to dictionary.com, is a set of things working together as part of a mechanism or an interconnecting network that form a complex whole.

According to the theory of learning; the teacher, the students, the environment, the curriculum, and the teaching materials must all come together as a whole before education can take place.

This theory can be likened to the computer system, whereby the teacher input data, the students receive data, the environment process the data, the curriculum is the mouse that points the direction of the data, and the teaching material is the electricity vital for the system to be operational. Any slight defect in any of these factors will cause serious problem for the education system.

My opponents will come up here to tell us that only the teachers are to blame while leaving out these 4 other factors. They have come to argue on a fallacious basis that one head is better than rest.

In support of my argument, Odia and Omofoninwa (2007) pointed out government as the first problem of education. Less than 10% of her budget is allocated to education, contrary to the minimum 26% recommendation by the United Nations. This insufficient amount is still being embezzled by corrupt politicians and public office holders. Little wonder why many students drop out of school, because their parents who are teachers are yet to receive their salaries.

Those of us who struggle to attend a school find the classrooms constantly overcrowded, we also have to put up with dirty rooms and smelly toilets in our halls of residence. There is inadequate supply of equipments and personnel, our laboratories lack basic tools and specimens. Only 3 out of all Nigerian libraries are termed average standard according to Atimo 2002.

Ladies and gentlemen, how do we expect a teacher to effectively teach introductory technology, home economics, metal work, woodwork and other practical subjects without sufficient instruments? The teaching-learning process is stalled and the development of the student within this uncondusive system is retarded.

Furthermore, the need for education is constantly stressed, but the cost keeps on rising. According to the journal of Negro education, the people of Nigeria spend more money in their education than their income per capita. African educators have loaded taxpayers, who are among the poorest in the world, the most expensive education system.

Another problem is Nigeria’s dirty political system. Some Governors, Senators, and few other leaders decide to help by donating text book and few blocks of classrooms under elaborate media coverage. They portray themselves as heroes, when actually, they have contributed zero. In spite of our enormous natural and human resources, our education system is bedeviled with the challenge of underfunding. Our government claims the treasury capacity is limited, but their talking allowances always get credited.

Therefore, is it not ungrateful to accuse the mathematics teacher who taught you that WAEC plus JAMB multiplied by POST JAMB equals UIs admission? Is it not quite insensitive to blame that English teacher who taught you the one you speak? At least, give thanks to them for being able to pronounce your name correctly.

Odia and Omofoninwa (2007) also stated that the problem of education in Nigeria are; poor preparation and examination malpractices by students, exploitation by education authorities, poor parenting and guidance, poverty, fall in education standard, and low orientation.

In addition, according to a survey by the European Journal of Education Studies, published on July 1st, 2015; the problem of education lies in a problematic curriculum, national education policies, test system, poor school facilities, parents, and inequality of opportunity in education. There is no part of this report that points out teachers as the problem of education.

In conclusion, Education, they say, is the key to increasing your chance of getting a job, provide you opportunity to be successful, and your life will be a whole less stressful. Nigeria’s education is a key, its system is the lock, no matter how good the key is, it cannot open that faulty lock, to the extent that success will be achieved. Thank you.

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