Theon hemerai

diduknow1.jpgWhat do you know about the origins of the names of the days of the week? Well then read on…
In a culture where days were consumed by religion, it’s only natural that days of the week were made in homage to the gods thought to rule the life of mortals.
The Romans upon beginning to use the seven day week instead of eight day, then adopted the names of the week to fit thier own gods. Theon hemerai, meaning ‘days of the gods’,was adopted even the Germanic and Greeks. Despite the popularity of the Greek and Roman gods, largely the Germanic and Norse gods have recieved the most credit and live on in the names of the days of the week today.
MONDAY which was named for the moon, translated as moon’s day. Homage to the moon can be seen in other languages. In latin it’s ‘dies lunae'(day of the moon), ‘hemera selena’ in greek. In modern languages, it’s ‘lunes’ in spanish and ‘lundi’ in french, both of which come from the root word for moon- ‘luna’ and ‘lune’ in each language.
TUESDAY is the first to be named after a god, Tiu or Twia, a lesser-known god of war and sky from English/German pantheon. He is associated with the Norse god Tyr, who was a defender god in viking mythology. However, tuesday dosen’t translate the same in other languages. Its ‘dies martis’ (day of mars) in latin, ‘hemera Areos'(day of Ares) in greek. Both Mars and Ares were gods of war like Tyr and they lent thier names to other modern languages- ‘martes’ in spanish and ‘mardi’ in french.
WEDNESDAY, translated as woden’s day. Associated with Norse god Odin, the chief hunt in Anglo-Saxon mythology, Woden means violent insane leadership. Unlike other days, the gods named in greek and latin days of the week- Hermes and Mecury- are not associated with violent leadership, but with travel, commerce, and theft. Both are messenger gods. It is for Mecury that spanish and french decided to name wednesday ‘miercoles’ and ‘mecredi’ respectively.
THURSDAY, Thor day, named for the Norse god of thunder and lightning. It is associated with Jupiter in latin (dies jovis) and Zeus in greek (hemera dios). All three are known for storm creating abilities, but while Engish took Thor as it god for thursday, spanish an french adopted Jupiter instead, naming it ‘jueves’ and ‘jeudi’.
FRIDAY, associated with Norse god of love, marriage, and fertility- Freya. Latin,’dies Veneris’, and Greek,’hemeres Aphrodite’, call upon the goddesses Venus and Aphrodite instead. All goddesses are called upon on woman matters. Spanish and French adopted Venus instead of Freya, naming their dats ‘viernes’ and ‘vendredi’.
SATURDAY, saturn’s day, taken from the latin word ‘dies Saturni’, was for a Roman god associated with wealth, plenty, and time. The day in spanish and french (sabado and samedi) was named simply as it is jewish sabbath-‘day of sabbath’.
SUNDAY is sun’s day, translated in both Latin (dies solis) and Greek (hemera helio) as ‘day of the sun’. Interestingly, in spanish and french (domingo and dimanche) it is more closely translated as ‘Lord’s day’ or ‘Sababath day’, pointing to more Christian/Jewish God.
English call their days after saxon gods apart from saturday. French call theirs after Roman gods. But Saxon and Roman gods who look after the same day are the same type of god.
The Roman months were the same as ours, but the weeks are not. The Romans had eight days in a week, with a market day instead of a weekend, so they didn’t use this names. Eventually, the Roman empire became Christian, and the christians did have a seven day week, with the seventh, Sunday, being a holy day. Romans named the days of the week after planets, sun and moon.

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